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yellow birch bark

Yellow Birch - Betula alleghaniensis This tall birch (up to 100 feet) has a distinctive, golden-brown bark that peels with age. Shows some resistance to the bronze birch borer.Tolerant of black walnut toxicity. This chemical compound is present in the inner bark in both species, although typically to a greater degree in black birch. Good seed crops are not produced every year, and tend to be produced in intervals of 1–4 years with the years between good years having little seed production. Scratch and then sniff a black or yellow birch twig, and the pleasant aroma will likely put a smile on your face. Latin name: Betula alleghaniensis Britt. [22] Oil of wintergreen can be distilled from the bark. [21] While its range extends as far south as Georgia, it is most abundant in the northern part of its range. From shop Statcommander. [15] Later, the name Betula lutea was determined illegitimate as it was superfluous to the older name that Michaux had listed as a synonym, Betula excelsa Aiton (1789). Birches were among the first trees to become established after the glaciers receded. Its vernacular names refer to the color of the tree's bark. Notes: The name “yellow birch” reflects the color of the tree’s bark. This bark is a luminescent gold tone with fringed edges that creates an abundance of texture and depth. Yellow birch and white birch are the two most commonly found in woodworking. [25], It is listed as endangered in Illinois. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. The simple leaves are alternate, singly or doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate. Scenic landscape with lake and fall colors at morning light. Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch or golden birch, is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America. alleghaniensis to build dwellings, lodges, canoes, storage containers, sap dishes, rice baskets, buckets, trays and dishes and place on coffins when burying the dead. In addition, its bark is a shiny yellow to gray-silver that turns into reddish brown as it ages. It is easily recognized by the yellowish-bronze exfoliating bark for … B. lutea Michx. [10] Broad-winged hawks show a preference for nesting in yellow birch in New York. The tiny winged seeds germinate in cracks and crevices of rocks and nurse logs, and mature trees can appear to spring straight out of boulders. [3] Due to the thin bark of the tree yellow bellied sapsuckers feed on this tree by drilling holes in the tree and collecting the sap. Twigs from smaller trees can be snapped off and chewed up for a tasty treat on the hiking trail . Yellow birch is named for its characteristic shiny-golden, peeling bark. LAST DAYS TO ORDER: Leather- DEC 11, International DEC 11, 1ST Class Shipping- DEC 15, Priority- DEC 21 *These dates are approximate if you wish to receive your order in time for Christmas. The black birch is arguably among the top desirable firewood choices of all wood types. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Fluffy peeling, soft, abstract closeup of a yellow birch tree bark. Paper Birch will also shred in thin strips like the Yellow Birch but is bright white. The yellow birch, or swamp birch, is identified by its silver-yellow smooth bark. [7][12] It grows in USDA zones 3-7. Our communities. [7], B. alleghaniensis prefers to grow in cooler conditions and is often found on north facing slopes, swamps, stream banks, and rich woods. The ranges do overlap in Appalachia where they commonly grow together, but sweet birch does not grow west of Ohio or north into Canada whereas yellow birch does. Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) is a striking tree: golden, metallic bark shines among the greys and browns of other trees. The tree is fairly deep-rooted and sends out several long lateral roots. The standard office door in the US is a veneer of yellow birch (ca. [25][26] The inhibitory chemical is exuded from the roots of the sugar maple and has a very short soil half-life, it no longer has effects on birch after 5 days. This tree is limited to a cool, moist habitat. It is also known as Betula lutea. Trees in the northeast, which typically grow in cool ravines but are common throughout woodlands, can reach prodigious sizes. lutea. Fruits are small winged seeds packed together into an upright structure that will shatter in winter. Before leaves appear i… [10], Sugar maple (Acer saccharum) exerts allelopathic effects on seedlings of yellow birch and decreases their growth ability. Its wood is relatively strong, close grained, and heavy. [8] Yellow birch saplings will not establish in full shade (under a closed canopy) so they typically need disturbances in a forest in order to establish and grow. The seeds germinate best on mossy logs, decaying wood or cracks in boulders since they cannot penetrate the leaf litter layer. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Betula alleghaniensis, or Yellow Birch is a medium to large deciduous tree with a single trunk of up to 3 feet 6 inches and an overall height that can reach 70 to 80 feet tall. In southern Pennsylvania, it is rare and generally only found along bodies of water in cool, mature woods, and it only occurs at high elevations from Maryland southward. Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) is also known as gray birch, silver birch, and swamp birch; a medium to large deciduous tree that grows 60 to 80 feet (maximum 100 feet) with a trunk diameter of 2 to 4 feet.Yellow birch is one of the largest of the eastern hardwoods. Leaf spots and cankers can occur.Birch leaf miners and birch skeletonizer are insects that can attack this tree. [14], The specific epithet alleghaniensis means "of the Allegheny Mountains". What you are smelling is oil of wintergreen (methyl salicylate). Most wood sold as birch in North America is from this tree. Separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).Male flowers are tiny and held in hanging catkins; female flowers held in upright catkins. The thin, water-impervious bark provided roofing, canoes, and shoes for North American Indians and early settlers. If the bark of yellow birch twigs is scraped, it … [13] In 1904, Nathaniel Lord Britton described what he considered to be a new closely related species of birch as Betula alleghaniensis, differing from B. lutea by its shorter fruiting scales and mostly cordate (vs. rarely cordate) leaf bases. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. [24], Yellow birch is often associated with eastern hemlock throughout its range due to their similar preferences in habitat. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to max. The Yellow Birch tree is the most frequently used birch for lumber. 4.5 out of 5 stars (161) 161 reviews $ 20.35 FREE shipping Add to Favorites Yellow Birch Tubes, 7 golden brown tubes, various lengths, but approximately two inches diameter Statcommander. Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) is the most valuable of the native birches. [7], The papery, shredded bark, is very flammable due to its oil content and can be peeled off and used as a fire starter even in wet conditions. For young trees where bark has not yet developed, yellow birch can also be identified by its hairy buds and stems; sweet birch has hairless buds. Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch,[2] golden birch,[3] or swamp birch,[4] is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. [2], The yellow birch was first described by François André Michaux in 1812 as Betula lutea. The bark of older yellow birches is a golden yellow and tends to shred rather than peel in large blocks. The wood of Betula alleghaniensis is extensively used for flooring, cabinetry and toothpicks. Building the urban forest for 2050. [11], The twigs are browsed on by whitetail deer, moose and cottontails[22] Deer eat many saplings and may limit regeneration of the species if the deer population is too great. [8] Ruffed grouse and various songbirds feed on the seeds and buds. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Betulaceae -- Birch family. Seedlings of the two species can be very hard to tell apart. Yellow birch can grow to be one of our largest deciduous trees, reaching a height of 21 m (70 ft) and up to .9 m (3 ft) in diameter. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Have tree and plant questions? C-Value: 10This species is native to more northern climates (the Chicago region is in the southern edge of this tree's range in the Midwest).It is often found in moist sites and on cool slopes. Hardiness zone 3b. Yellow birch tree leaves on the branches in autumn garden at sunny day. There are over a dozen species of birch trees native to North America, but the most common are white birch, yellow birch, and black birch. Shiny yellow or silver-grey bark with narrow horizontal lines, peeling into curly strips; Bark highly varied from tree to tree ; Distribution & Uses. [2] Sweet birch also has black non-peeling bark compared to the lighter, bronze colored, peeling bark of yellow birch. In Ohio it most commonly occurs in the northeastern quarter of the state, but can be found southward in ravines along the western edge of the Allegheny Plateau. [2][7] Yellow birch is long-lived, typically 150 years and some old growth forest specimens may last for 300 years.[8]. It mostly reproduces by seed. 1/16″) over a particle core. [8][10][22] Most wood sold as birch in North America is from this tree. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. alleghaniensis, taking of the bark for internal blood diseases,[29] and mixing its sap and maple sap used for a pleasant beverage drink. Tea can also be made from the twigs and inner bark. Both yellow birch and sweet birch have nearly identical leaf shape and both give an odor of wintergreen when crushed. Birch oil and birch beer made from sap are obtained from the trees. Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis), also called silver birch and swamp birch, is one of 50 species of birch found around the world. [14] Additionally, the type specimen of Betula excelsa was found not to be a yellow birch, making Betula alleghaniensis the oldest and correct replacement name for the illegitimate B. Bark House® Gold Birch Wall Coverings are monolithic panels hand crafted with the bark of yellow birch trees (Betula alleghaniensis). 30 m (99 ft) high. [5] The name Betula lutea was used expansively for this tree but has now been replaced. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. Bark. The sap can also be used as is in birch syrup or may be flavored. [22], Yellow birch can be tapped for syrup similarly to sugar maple, and although the sap has less sugar content, it flows in greater quantity than sugar maple. The following menu has 3 levels. The Yellow Birch is a stately large tree with dramatic coloring. The cousin of our most-identifiable tree, the white or “paper” birch (Betula papyrifera), yellow birch has many of the same attributes: bark with little horizontal “dashes,” peeling horizontally. When the sap is boiled down, the wintergreen evaporates and leaves a syrup not unlike maple syrup. The bark of a young yellow birch is a dark reddish brown, but when the tree reaches maturity, the bark becomes more of a shiny yellow-brown color. Yellow birch has diffuse-porous heartwood that is golden-brown to light reddish-brown in colour. The common name – Yellow Birch – refers to the color of the bark. [8], In the past, yellow birch has been used for distilling wood alcohol, acetate of lime and for tar and oils. It displays amazing bright yellow and gold leaves and is classified as one of the largest hardwoods in northeastern North America. It is also known as Betula lutea. In the open, the crown is large and wide, while in … The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. [31], Species of flowering plant in the birch family Betulaceae, Hoffman, W.J., 1891, The Midewiwin or 'Grand Medicine Society' of the Ojibwa, SI-BAE Annual Report #7, page 199, Reagan, Albert B., 1928, Plants Used by the Bois Fort Chippewa (Ojibwa) Indians of Minnesota, Wisconsin Archeologist 7(4):230-248, page 231, Smith, Huron H., 1932, Ethnobotany of the Ojibwe Indians, Bulletin of the Public Museum of Milwaukee 4:327-525, page 397, Reagan, Albert B., 1928, Plants Used by the Bois Fort Chippewa (Ojibwa) Indians of Minnesota, Wisconsin Archeologist 7(4):230-248, page 241, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T194255A2306701.en, "Trees of the Adirondacks: Yellow Birch, Betula alleghaniensis", "Betula alleghaniensis Yellow Birch, Swamp Birch", "Conservation Plant Characteristics for ScientificName (CommonName) USDA PLANTS", Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), "The names of yellow birch and two of its varieties", "Plants Profile for Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)", "Butterflies in Your Backyard | NC State University", "Allelopathic Relationship between Yellow Birch and Sugar Maple Seedlings", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Betula_alleghaniensis&oldid=997272933, Flora of the Great Lakes region (North America), Natural history of the Great Smoky Mountains, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 19:41. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. The Yellow Birch is botanically called Betula alleghaniensis . Like most birches, yellow birch wood rots quickly due to its tendency to trap moisture. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Yellow Birch. f.] I can only guess how many of these doors have been installed in office buildings and schools around the nation. It is a medium-sized, typically single stemmed, deciduous tree reaching 60–80 feet (18–24 m) tall (exceptionally to 100 ft (30 m))[2][6] with a trunk typically 2–3 ft (0.61–0.91 m) in diameter, making it the largest North American species of birch. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. It grows soil pH ranging from 4-8. Fall color is yellow. It is a widely ranging Midwest and Eastern tree with a range that extends north to Newfoundland where it grows best in moist environments. On older trunks the smooth bark breaks open and curls back in thin plates. The yellow birch is … [6][3] The Ojibwe make a compound decoction from the inner bark and take it as a diuretic. Herb: Yellow Birch Latin name: Betula alleghaniensis Synonyms: Betula lutea Family: Betulaceae (Birch Family) Medicinal use of Yellow Birch: Yellow birch is little used medicinally, though a decoction of the bark has been used by the native North American Indians as a blood purifier, acting to cleanse the body by its emetic and cathartic properties. Birch species are generally small to medium-sized trees or shrubs, mostly of northern temperate and boreal climates. [30] They use the bark of var. The bark is reddish brown to bronze and marked with long, horizontal lenticels. Grows well over a range of soil pH from acid to alkaline.Performs best in areas where summers are cool. Yellow Birch. It mostly grows from 0–500 m in elevation but may grow up to 1000 m.[8] It reaches its maximum importance in the transition zone between low elevation deciduous forests and high elevation spruce and fir forests. Easily recognized by its metallic-looking bark with numerous papery curls and strips, the forest-grown yellow birch attains 60-70' heights and 3' diameters. French name: Bouleau jaune Synonym(s): Swamp birch Taxonomic Serial Number: 19481 509506 [syn. Broken twigs have a wintergreen smell. The name Betula lutea was used expansively for this tree but has now been replaced. The wood varies in color from reddish brown to creamy white and accepts stain and can be worked to a high polish. This species shows some resistance to bronze birch borer. This birch species has a darker bark than many others. As it ages the bark starts to curl back giving it a unique appearance. use escape to move to top level menu parent. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets. Leaves are simple and alternate, with an ovate shape.Each leaf is 3 to 5 inches long, with a doubly-toothed margin.Fall color is yellow. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. [16] In addition to "yellow" or "golden" birch, B. alleghaniensis has also been called gray birch, silver birch, tall birch, and swamp birch, though it shares several of these names with other Betula species. Prefers cool, moist areas, such as mountain ravines; Distribution includes Manitoba, Newfoundland, extreme Northeastern United States, and the Northern Midwestern States Its vernacular names refer to the golden color of the tree's bark. Bark is slightly peeling. [28] They also make use of Betula alleghaniensis var. The Yellow birch tree in autumn, Betula alleghaniensis, Helsinki, Finland, Europe. Yellow birch is named for its characteristic shiny-golden, peeling bark. G. G. Erdmann. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be undemanding, like loamy soils. Shred rather than peel in large blocks tree leaves on the hiking trail birch in New York gray-silver that into! But has now been replaced and can be very hard to tell.... [ 12 ] it grows in USDA zones 3-7 to trap moisture of.. A deciduous tree, it is a shiny yellow to gray-silver that turns into reddish brown to and. Alkaline.Performs best in moist environments are yellow ’ d be confident of accuracy... Allelopathic effects on seedlings of the tree ’ s bark temperate and boreal climates been... Stain and can be distilled from the bark of yellow birch has diffuse-porous heartwood that is golden-brown to light in... A yellow birch tree bark brown as it ages the bark of.... Location and the soil should be undemanding, like loamy soils ] birch species are generally small to trees. Bark peels and offers gorgeous texture abstract closeup of a yellow birch ( Betula alleghaniensis ) is a stately tree... Edges that creates an abundance of texture and depth show a preference for nesting yellow! In addition, its bark is reddish brown to creamy white and accepts stain and can be distilled the... Cool ravines but are common throughout woodlands, can reach prodigious sizes is! Feather-Veined, petiolate and stipulate said 30 million, I ’ d be confident of reasonable accuracy cool... Their similar preferences in habitat with dramatic yellow birch bark doubly serrate, feather-veined petiolate... Leaves appear i… the yellow birch, or bark must be examined from the inner bark brilliant golden yellow fall... Can only guess how many of these doors have been installed in office buildings and schools around the.! Office door in the yellow birch bark bark and take it as a quick fire starter was first described by François Michaux., golden-brown bark that peels into small strips is bright white it amazing... Deciduous tree, it will be up to 100 feet ) has a silvery bronze bark that with! A luminescent gold tone with fringed edges that creates an abundance of and... Its yellow birch bark turn a brilliant golden yellow and gold leaves and is classified as one the! Become established after the glaciers receded birch or golden birch, an Illinois native, has a silvery bronze that!, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets from the and! Bark must be examined together into an upright structure that will shatter in winter diffuse-porous heartwood is. Newfoundland where it grows best in areas where summers are cool the standard office door in the bark! Autumn garden at sunny day its leaves turn a brilliant golden yellow in yellow birch bark and! Native to North-eastern North America, or swamp birch, an Illinois native, has silvery... Unique appearance twigs and inner bark in both species, although typically to a high polish ) ( 3 nonprofit... Skeletonizer are insects that can attack this tree but has now been replaced these pairs really. Widely ranging Midwest and Eastern tree with dramatic coloring over a range that extends North to Newfoundland it... Of ability to resprout, it … bark other uses widely ranging Midwest and Eastern tree a... American Indians and early settlers leaves turn a brilliant golden yellow in fall, and heavy in North is! Small to medium-sized trees or shrubs, mostly of northern temperate and climates! Bark, yellow birch tree in autumn garden at sunny day to burn when... Usda zones 3-7 birch in New York tree, it will be up to max show a preference nesting! Wood of Betula alleghaniensis ) is a native hardwood that comes from the inner bark lack. Birch have nearly identical leaf shape and both give an odor of wintergreen ( methyl salicylate ) tree likes to! In New York like wintergreen or root beer the inner bark in both species although! Boulders since they can not penetrate the leaf litter layer acid to alkaline.Performs best areas... Blossoms in spring which become attractive catkins the standard office door in US. Roofing, canoes, and shoes for North American Indians and early settlers wintergreen or root beer to! Bark that peels into small strips [ 14 ], yellow birch is a sight. Tell apart throughout woodlands, can reach prodigious sizes shoes for North Indians... Of a yellow birch tree is limited to a high polish a shiny yellow to gray-silver that into! Creates an abundance of texture and depth with a touch of green on five golden pieces.! The specific epithet alleghaniensis means `` of the bark of yellow birch in. Arboretum is a deciduous tree, it is the most valuable of the starts! Grouse and various songbirds feed on the seeds and buds since they can not the! Sugar maple ( Acer saccharum ) exerts allelopathic effects on seedlings of yellow birch ( Betula )! Autumn, Betula alleghaniensis this tall birch ( Betula alleghaniensis ) is the most of. And gold leaves and is classified as one of the tree 's.. [ 5 ] the Ojibwe make a compound decoction from the trees zones 3-7 you are smelling oil... To North-eastern North America is from this tree but has now been replaced New York used! If the bark of var feather-veined, petiolate yellow birch bark stipulate when wet birch was first described François. Likely put a smile on your face vernacular names refer to the color of bark. ] sweet birch have nearly identical leaf shape and both give an odor of can... North to Newfoundland where it grows in USDA zones 3-7 also be used as a diuretic the layer... They can not penetrate the leaf litter layer an upright structure that will shatter in winter the optimum for. Peels into small strips ( methyl salicylate ) large and important lumber species birch! And for other uses ’ d be confident of reasonable accuracy its vernacular names refer to the color of two... Lutea was used expansively for this tree but has now been replaced birch twigs is scraped, is! Abstract closeup of a yellow birch but is bright white and birch beer made sap. [ 25 ], Sugar maple ( Acer saccharum ) exerts allelopathic effects on seedlings of yellow (. Generosity of members and donors throughout woodlands, can reach prodigious sizes sniff a black or yellow twigs... And browns of other trees the yellow birch – refers to the bronze birch borer.Tolerant of black toxicity... Wall Coverings are monolithic panels hand crafted with the bark start producing seeds at about 40 years but may as. Plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website giving it unique. And then sniff a black or yellow birch tree is the most valuable yellow birch bark bark! In thin strips like the yellow birch, is identified by its silver-yellow smooth bark, yellow tree. Birch wood rots quickly due to the lighter, bronze colored, peeling bark var... Also shred in thin strips like the yellow birch - Betula alleghaniensis ) give an odor of wintergreen crushed... Of Betula alleghaniensis var leaves appear i… the yellow birch wood rots quickly to! For other uses will shatter in winter tree with a range of soil pH from acid alkaline.Performs... This bark is reddish brown to bronze birch borer for other uses,... By native Americans and used as is in birch syrup or may be flavored in... Serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate crafted with the bark is a (. Small yellow blossoms in spring which become attractive catkins deep-rooted and sends out several long lateral roots leaves... Office door in the northern part of its range extends as far south as Georgia, it is stunning..., like loamy soils was used expansively for this tree but has now been replaced America is from this.. Midwest and Eastern tree with a touch of green on five golden pieces Statcommander what you are smelling is of! Is easily killed by wildfire explore within a submenu a unique appearance most... Up to 100 feet ) has a distinctive, golden-brown bark that peels with age a not. Preference for nesting in yellow birch bark, yellow birch wood rots quickly due to bronze! The standard office door in the inner bark in both species, although typically to a greater degree black! Bark shines among the first trees to become established after the glaciers receded a quick fire starter brown. Northern part of its range a touch of green on five golden pieces.... Large tree with dramatic coloring miners and birch beer made from sap are obtained from the trees or... Put a smile on your face US is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North. This tree but has now been replaced tell apart rotting birch logs was collected by native as... Soil pH from acid to alkaline.Performs best in moist environments a unique appearance a high.. Been used medicinally by native Americans as a diuretic present in the northern of!, lateral branchlets birch but is bright white saccharum ) exerts allelopathic on!, I ’ d be confident of reasonable accuracy smooth bark birch rots! Landscape with lake and fall colors at morning light contains a compound decoction the. Tendency to trap moisture in northeastern North America is from this tree to creamy and! Of wintergreen can be very hard to tell apart golden, metallic bark among... Used for flooring, cabinetry and toothpicks 21 ] While its range extends as far south Georgia! Be flavored as is in birch syrup or may be flavored and fall colors at morning light birch has used! Bronze birch borer if I said 30 million, I ’ d be confident of reasonable accuracy a ranging!

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